CLTS: CURRENT APPROACH
The Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) methodology is designed to guide family community members to collaborate and work together to create an open defecation free environment. The approach does not rely on resources (inputs and expertise) from external stakeholders but rather builds on the internal capacity of local community members to analyze their own unique situation, draw on their own resources, and determine how best to promote good hygiene practices. This approach involves 10 key processes:
1. Community-led Total Sanitation Overview
2. Mapping Area Defecation
3. Calculating the Volume of Feces Produced by each Family
4. Calculation of Household Medical Expenses
5. Transect Walk
6. Diagramming Fecal-Oral Contamination Route
7. Correlation between Food/Water and Feces
8. Triggering/Igniting Exercise
9. Village ODF Planning/Family & Community Action Plan
10. Celebrating ODF Status/Achievement.
Water Sealed Tanks
Best Constructed Latrine and Washing Center
Less Developed Latrine with no Washing Center
The pictures above show two types of toilets in a declared Open Defecation Free community. People of the community used their own money to build household toilets. The well-contructed toilet has a 5 ton water-sealed cylinder that holds fecal waste below the structure. The second poorly contructed toilet is simply a hole dug into the ground. Both show an effort to become an Open Defecation Free (ODF), however after 4 years only 40% of the community are still using the toilets they themselves constructed.
In an interview with community members the following thoughts were expressed
-One woman explained how the structure made her feel light headed and nervous because she was use to an open environment while defecating.
-Many people feared being bitten by a snake while walking to the toilet, especialy at night.
-Some comminity members explained how it was a tradition to defecate in certain areas of the village. This practice has been passed down from generation to generation and is difficult to change.
- Due to a shortage of water many newly built toilets have a bad odor that permeates the homestead.